How to begin the preparation for UPSC Exam 

As most of you would have been accustomed with the fact that most candidates would be working while preparing for the IAS Exam, you would have to allot at least 60 to 90 minutes a day for clearing the exam. As far as weekends and holidays are concerned, you could extend the preparation hours to 5 or 6. In the due course of learning, the study hours could be split into two or three sessions per day.

Let us look at how we shall begin the preparation in the smoothest manner possible from the points mentioned below.

Read Newspapers

While preparing for the GS1 paper for instance, you could rely on NCERT Textbooks and this would imply on not restricting yourself to 11th and 12th standard books. If you encounter a difficult challenge to tackle, you could resort to web based reliable sources for clarifying your doubts. Try reading newspapers of high national standards like the Hindu in particular and improve your inquisitiveness by wanting to know what the writer of the article wants to convey and thereby building different competencies.

Use information from Government Ministry Sites

How many of us are aware of the fact that the websites of most Central Government Ministries have ample information on subjects related to tourism, agriculture, fisheries and so on which would be more than sufficient to help you to clear competitive exams at the state and national levels. The added advantage of this is the fact that, the information provided on these sites would be authentic to the core.

Be Motivated

From the moment you begin your preparation, the pillar of your success would be determined by the level of motivation you would have right through your preparation till you reach the finish line. This could be done by recognising your core strengths, weaknesses, interests. Thus that would help you to iron out your flaws and reach the stage of perfection.

Manage your time well

The next task that would be in front of you would be to manage the time in an efficient manner. Most of us has the same time amount at our disposal which should be used efficiently by breaking the schedule of time into weekly, monthly and annual plans ready right in front of you. This would help you to save time in the easiest manner possible.

Master the Subjects

The exam would be the test of how much mastery you have over the subjects as you would have to breeze past the challenges coming from the exam and interview fronts. You have to also ensure that your skill levels for English language should be at par with that of the expectation of your evaluators.

Thus the points provided above would have provided you a clear idea on how to start your preparation effectively.It has been heard that, Byju’s the learning app have been providing UPSC coaching with the aid of latest technology available on the planet with video lectures and mock tests that has created quitea large sensation among students pursuing civil services. Hence it is advisable that you visit their website and grab the details for yourself.

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IAS 2015 results: Delhi’s Tina Dabi topper, J-K’s Athar Aamir second
The 2015 civil services examination results were announced on Tuesday with Delhi-based woman Tina Dabi topping the tough test. The results were declared on the official website of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) . A total of 1,078 candidates cleared the UPSC exam -- 499 from the general category, 314 from the other backward classes, 176 from the scheduled castes and 89 from the scheduled tribes. Dabi topped the test, followed by Jammu and Kashmir’s Athar Aamir Ul Shafi Khan and Delhi’s Jasmeet Singh Sandhu. The commission said it was maintaining a reserve list of 172 candidates. The results are based on scores in a written examination held in December 2015 and interviews conducted in March-May 2016.

CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION, 2015- official Notification
Based on the results of the written part of Civil Services Examination, 2015 held
by the Union Public Service Commission in December, 2015 and the interviews
for Personality Test held in March-May, 2016, following is the list, in order of
merit, of candidates who have been recommended for appointment to:
(i) Indian Administrative Service;
(ii) Indian Foreign Service;
(iii) Indian Police Service; and
(iv) Central Services, Group ‘A’ and Group ‘B’

Candidates can check their results, which is given in the order of merit, on the official website .-

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Interview deserves more prominence as it evaluates traditional as well as dynamic areas as indicator of candidates knowledge , general awareness and being abreast of the latest.

Perceived to be the toughest and demanding , Civil Services Examination involves grueling Exam –plan that requires serious planning and long term approach to prepare effectively.

Lakhs of aspiring youth with competitive spirit flowing in veins are eyeing Civil Services Examination 2014 and eager to show courage to appear in such examination without commitment.

                  Related Articles

Tips to crack IAS


Want to be an IAS officer-some norms for civil servants

In this article, you will find some tips on how to give the right non verbal communication


Non verbal communication-communication that takes place without spoken words
Sit upright-sit upright but not too stiffly in your chair.
Hands above the neck-Having your hands above the neck,
fiddling with your face or your hair ,is unprofessional and conveys nervousness and anxiety.
Message your legs are giving-A lot of leg movement is both distracting and indicates nervousness.
Maintain direct eye contact-you need to instigate direct eye contact and maintain it.
Voice delivery-Speaking in a clear and controlled voice conveys confidence.
Facial Expressions-first eliminate any negative overall characters that might exist, then add a simple feature( smile :) )
Gestures-don’t artificial gestures
Which form of communication do you think is more powerful: Verbal or non -verbal ?

Of course the ‘What’ you say is very important in an interview,but many people are not aware just how important the ‘way’ you say something is.

Non-Verbal communication may be described in many ways,such as your behavior,your manners,your attitude,your etiquette, etc.However you say it,using the right non-verbal communication is key to having a successful job interview.

Of course, interview claim to be unbiased and many professionals try to be objective in these meetings.

 However "humans are humans and the process of judging another human will always involve a certain degree of subjectivity" .

The defense against this subjective analysis is then a proactive offense .Prepare yourself and give them the ‘feeling’ you want to give them.

Non verbal communication can be defined as the communication that takes place without spoken words. By simply observing a person’s non verbal communication it is easy for you to know all what you want to know about person’s , character, attitude, behavior etc.

As you can see your non verbal signals, both your body language (55% of the message) and the way you speak such as voice tone (38 %) are as important as the actual words you use in your job interview answers!

Posture and message it sends to interviewer
When the interviewer offers you a seat at the start of the job interview:

Sit upright-sit upright but not too stiffly in your chair.
How to sit during interview
Message-This indicates that you are comfortable and feeling confident. 

Hunching down in your chair
Message-It gives the impression of nervousness and low self-esteem.

Sloppy posture
Message-A sloppy posture indicates a careless attitude and lack of energy.

Sitting on the edge of your chair
Message-It indicates your nervousness and tense.

Relax and lean slightly forward
Relax and lean slightly forward,about 10 degree,toward your interviewer .
Message-This gives  the message that you are both interested and involved .

Leaning back 
Message-Leaning back makes you appear too relaxed and casual.

Leaning to the side 
Message-Leaning to the side can be perceived as not feeling comfortable with the interviewer.
Message your head sends-How you position your head also sends a message.
Message- Tilting your head very slightly to one side comes across as friendly and open .
Message-Keeping it straight comes across as self assured and authoritative.

Messages from Interviewer posture- It is also important to pay attention to the posture of your interviewer. Sometime you can establish rapport by adopting the same posture as the other person. This is called mirroring .If they have adopted a more formal posture do the same until you see that the interviewer has relaxed and become less formal.


If you are unsure of s,what to do with your hand rest them ,loosely clasped in your lap or on the table. Control your hands by being aware of what you are doing 
what to do with your hands during
with them .

Hands above the neck
Message-Having your hands above the neck,fiddling with your face or your hair ,is unprofessional and conveys nervousness and anxiety.

Keep your hands away from your face.
Message-Interview body language experts will tell you that touching the nose  or lips indicate that the candidate is lying.

Hand behind your head
Message-Holding a hand behind your head is often a sign that you are annoyed or uncertain.

Folding arms
Message-Folding your arms across your chest suggest a closed and defensive attitude. 

Waving hands and arms
Message-Waving your hands and arms around can be perceived as uncertainty and lack of professionalism .

"Common wisdom is that less you move your arms and hands about the more confident and in control you are".

Practice a comfortable way to loosely place your arms and hands while you are sitting,both at the table and in chair on its own.


legs  position during interview
Be aware of the interview body language message your legs are giving
Message- A lot of leg movement is both distracting and indicates nervousness.

Resting one leg or ankle on top of your other knee
Message-Resting one leg or ankle on top of your other knee makes you look too casual and comes across as arrogant.

Crossing legs
Message-Crossing your legs high up conveys a defensive attitude in the one-on-one context of a job interview.

Feet flat on the floor 
Message-Crossing them at the ankles or placing both feet flat on the floor conveys a confident and professional look during the job interview.

Eye contact

Maintain direct eye contact 
  • If the interviewer is talking and you want to show that you are actively listening, you need to instigate direct eye contact and maintain it.
  • Avoid appearing as if you are staring aggressively by blinking at regular intervals and moving your head now and then,such as giving a small nod.
  • Interview body language experts suggest that when you are doing the talking you need to hold eye contact for periods of about 10 seconds before looking away briefly and then re-establishing eye contact. Overusing direct eye contact when you are using can come across as lecturing or challenging the interviewer. 

Typically the listener maintains direct eye contact to show that you are actively involved.
  • With panel interviews it is best to look at and direct your answer to the person asking the question,with a glance periodically at other interviewers .
  • Eye contact is essential interview body language to establish rapport with your interviewer .

Not making eye contact makes the interviewer feel disconnected from you .

Eye contact should be a positive  aspect of interview body language, if it is not used properly however it can quickly become negative.

Voice delivery

  • Speaking in a clear and controlled voice conveys confidence.
  • Avoid speaking in a monotone by varying your tone pitch ,however don’t  overdo it and come across as overly excited or emotional.
  • Breathe and pause before answering a question, this gives you time to react in a considered way and it ensures that the interviewer has finished the question.
  • You should interact with the interviewer as an equal,not a subordinate. Ensure that your voice tone is not apologetic or defensive.
Generally it is advisable not to show too much or too strong emotion during your job interview.

  • Smile and nod at appropriate times but don’t overdo it .
  • Avoid erupting into laughter on your own, laughing along with the interviewer is far more acceptable.
Facial Expressions

Take a good, long , hard look at yourself in the mirror. Look at yourself as others would .Then modify your facial expression –first eliminate any negative overall characters that might exist, then add a simple feature that nearly every interviewee forgets-a smile! not some stupid but  a true and genuine smile that tells you are happy person and delighted to be interviewing with interviewers.


Contrary to popular belief, gesture should be very limited during the interview.
 So please don’t artificial gestures to supposedly heighten the importance of the issue at hand. It will merely come off as theatrical.When you do use gestures, make sure they are sincere and meaningful.
Interview tips

Have faith in your abilities, move forward with positive bent of mind and God willing ,you will be able to deliver a wonderful performance that facilitate you accomplish your goal in style.

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Like other competitive exams, this too requires careful preparation.
In the IAS main exam, for Paper I and Paper II of the Optional subject,

there is a choice, so that you don’t have to attempt all questions. Therefore it is important to read the question papers carefully right at the beginning. Each question should be read at least twice before deciding which questions are to be attempted. The question paper in the Main exam is not very long and all this can be done in the first five to seven minutes; the instructions at the top of the question paper are also equally important. Now, in the first five minutes, or, at the most seven minutes, you know which questions you should attempt within the choice given in the question paper, and then you should start writing the answers accordingly. But in all four papers of the General Studies in the Main exam, one has to attempt all questions and there is no choice. If at all any choice is given, it will be clear from the instructions printed right at the beginning of the question paper.

In the Essay exam one has to write only one essay out of the four topics given or two essays out of the eight topics, and there are three hours. Therefore it is important to choose the topic for the essay carefully and you may keep in mind the main areas and the points to be discussed and their sequence. For the essay, one must do some rough work to build up its skeleton before actually writing it.

The answer sheet has also been modified with effect from 2013. The questions are printed on the answer sheet, starting with Q1 followed by the space in which the answer has to be written, and further Q2, followed by the space for the answer and so on. It means that not only the number of words is prescribed but even the space for answering is limited.

General studies
In all four papers of the General Studies, all questions are compulsory, and you must immediately start answering the questions. You need not read all the questions right at the beginning, just go on attempting starting from the first one. Since in all GS Papers you are supposed to write almost 4,000 words you must start answering very quickly without wasting any time. If in between any question is not attempted the given space for that has to be crossed and it should not be left blank. But this should be done only in the end, because you may later realise that you know the answer of a question well which you might not have understood initially. At the end of the answer sheet in all papers of the Main exam, there are two or three pages for doing the rough work. These rough sheets can also be effectively used in the exam for Optional subjects where it involves making calculations, etc.

The answer sheet already has the question and its number printed, so you should be rather careful to write the appropriate answer in the space provided. If there are some important words or the sentences in the narrative part, these must be underlined or highlighted. If you have drawn a well-labelled diagram (when required), written the headings and sub-headings and underlined them, you have shown the examiner that you know everything and you have made it easy for him to spot the correctness of your answer at a glance.

As mentioned before, the diagrams, graphs, formulae and equations are important in the Main exam if your optional subject is Botany, Zoology, Physics, Chemistry or an Engineering subject. A well-labelled diagram is sometimes a complete answer to the question and in such a case the answer should start with the drawing of the diagram and labelling it, and the narrative part of the answer should follow.

Suppose you have 15 minutes to answer a question, the answer of which also contains one or two important diagrams, you may spend even 10 minutes to draw the diagram and label it right at the beginning and write the narrative part of the answer in the remaining five minutes. The diagrams need not be artistic, these should be rather simplified but technically correct and of course well labelled.

In all four papers of the General Studies and the Essay, you will notice that at the end of the question they have asked you to limit your answer to a certain number of words. It is necessary to stick to this limit. And now even the space for each answer is limited. The idea is that you should be brief and write only important points or the information.

No one is going to do the actual counting of words. Ten per cent more or 10 per cent less number of words will not matter. In an exam, everybody understands that you cannot waste so much time in being accurate with respect to the number of words.

The writer is a Commissioner of Income Tax and Chief Advisor at Face The Challenge Academy.
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                             ESSAY QUESTION PAPERS





The following is the Question Paper of Essay of IAS Main Exam.

ESSAY (Compulsory)
Time Allowed : Three Hours    
Maximum Marks : 200

  • The essay must be written in the medium specified in the Admission Certificate issued, to you. The name of the medium must be stated clearly on the cover of the answer- book in the space provided for the purpose.
  •  No credit will be given to the essay written in a medium other than that specified in the Admission Certificate.
  • (Examiners will pay special attention to the candidate's grasp of his/ her' material, its relevance to the subject chosen, and to his/ her ability to think constructively and to present his/her ideas concisely, logically and effectively.)

 UPSC mains paper-Previous year Essay question paper
written essay papers

civil services essay writing  
                           IAS ESSAY QUESTION PAPER-2014

Section-A (125 marks)
Write any one of the following essay in 1000-1200 words.

Q-1.With greater power comes greater responsibility.
Q-2.Is the growing level of competition good for the youth?
Q-3.Are the standardized tests good measure of academic ability or progress?
Q-4.Words are sharper than the two-edged sword.

Section-B (125 marks)
Write any one of the following essay in 1000-1200 words.

Q-1.Was it the policy paralysis or the paralysis of implementation which slowed the growth of our country?
Q-2.Is sting operation an invasion on privacy?
Q-3.Fifty Golds in Olympics: Can this be a reality for India?

Q-4.Tourism: Can this be the next big thing for India?

                                     IAS mains exam paper 2013

Following are the Questions/Topics Asked in the Essay Paper 
UPSC  essay topics

Q .1 Be the change you want to see in others- Gandhiji.

Q. 2 Is the Colonial mentality hindering India’s Success?

Q. 3 GDP(Gross Domestic Product) along with  GDH(Gross Domestic Happiness) would be the right indices for judging the well being  of a country.

Q. 4 Science  and Technology is the panacea for the growth  and security  of the Nation.
                                   UPSC civil service exam 2012

Essay Paper for 2012 IAS Exam









1.In the context of Gandhiji's views on the matter, explore, on an evolutionary scale, the terms 'Swadhinata', 'Swaraj' and 'Dharmarajya'. Critically comment on their contemporary relevance to Indian democracy.

2.Is the criticism that the 'Public-private-Partnership'(PPP) model for development more of a bane in The Indian context justified?

3.Science and Mysticism: Are they compatible?

4.Managing work and home- is the Indian Working women getting a fair deal?

                             Essays for civil services exam 2011

Write an essay on any one of the following topics:    200

1. Creation of smaller states and the consequent administrative, economic and developmental implications.

2. Does Indian cinema shape our popular culture or merely reflect it?

3. Credit-based higher education system-status, opportunities and challenges.

4. In the Indian context, both human intelligence and technical intelligence are crucial in combating terrorism.

                         Essay Paper for 2010 Civil service Exam

1. Geography may the same; history need not.

2. Should a moratorium be imposed on all fresh mining in tribal areas of the country?
3. Preparedness of our society for India's global leadership role.

4. From traditional Indian philanthropy to the Gates-Buffett model a natural progression or a paradigm shift?


                         Essay Paper for 2009 IAS exam

 Essay topics for upsc

1. Are our traditional handicrafts doomed to a slow death?

2. Are we a 'soft' state?

3."The focus of health care is increasingly getting skewed towards the 'haves ' of our society."

4."Good fences make good neighbours."

5.'Globalism' vs. 'Nationalism'

IAS Essay questions paper mains 2008 civil services examination  

1. Role of media in good governance

2. National Identity and Patriotism

3. Special Economic Zones: Boon or Bane

4. Discipline means success, anarchy means ruin

5. Urbanization and its hazards

6. Is an egalitarian society possible by educating the masses?
 2007 essay question paper UPSC civil services exam India

1. Independent thinking should be encouraged right from the childhood.

2. Evaluation of Panchayati Raj System in India from the point of view of eradication of power to people.

3. Attitude makes, habit makes character and character makes a man.

4. Is Autonomy the best answer to combat balkanization?

5. How has satellite television brought about cultural change in Indian mindsets.

6. BPO boom in India.

Civil Service Examination 2006 Essay Paper 

1. Women's Reservation Bill Would Usher in Empowerment for Women in India.

2. Protection of Ecology and Environment is Essential for Sustained Economic Development.

3. Importance of Indo-U.S. Nuclear Agreement.

4. "Education for All" Campaign in India: Myth or Reality.

5. Globalization Would Finish Small-Scale Industries in India.

6. Increasing Computerization Would lead to the Creation of a Dehumanized Society.
Indian civil services exam Essay Paper for 2005 Civil service Exam

1. Justice must reach the poor

2. The hand that rocks the cradle

3. If women ruled the world

4. what is real education?

5. Terrorism and world peace

6. Food security for sustainable national development

                               UPSC IAS mains Essay Paper for 2004
1. India's Role in Promoting ASEAN Co-operation.

2. Judicial Activism and Indian Democracy.

3. Whiter Women's Emancipation?

4. Globalisation and Its Impact on Indian Culture.

5. The Lure of Space.

6. Water Resources Should Be Under the Control of Central Government.
UPSC civil service exam Essay Paper for 2003  

1. The Masks of New Imperialism.

2. How far has democracy in India delivered the goods?

3. How should a civil servant conduct himself?

4. As civilization advances culture declines.

5. There is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so.
Sprituality and Scientific temper.


Essays for civil services 2002 exam

1. Modern Technological Education and human values.

2. Search for truth can only be a spiritual problem.

3. If youth knew, if age could.

4. The paths of glory lead but to the grave.

5. Privatisation of Higher Education in India.

6. Responsibility of media in democracy.
Essays for civil services 2001 exam

1. What have we gained from our democratic set-up?

2. My vision of an ideal world order.

3. The march of science and the erosion of human value.

4. Irrelevance of the classroom.

5. The pursuit of excellence

6. Empowerment alone cannot help our women.


Essays for civil services 2000 exam

1. Why should we be proud of being Indians ?

2. The cyber world : its charms and challenges.

3. The country's need for a better disaster management system.

4. Indian culture today : a myth or a reality ?

5. The implications of globalisation for India.

6. Modernism and our traditional socio-ethical value

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