UPSC CIVIL SERVICES RESULT 2015-2016

INDIAN CITIES ON RIVER BANK

The rivers of India play an important role in the lives of the Indian people. The river systems provide irrigation, potable water, cheap transportation, electricity, as well as provide livelihoods for a large number of people all over the country. This easily explains why nearly all the major cities of India are located by the banks of river. The rivers also have an important role in Hindu mythology and are considered holy by all Hindus in the country.




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Rivers and lakes of India
INDIAN CITIES ON RIVER BANK

CITYRIVERSTATE
AgraYamunaUP
AhmedabadSabarmatiGujarat
AllahabadConfluence of the
Ganga,Yamuna &
Saraswati
UP
AlwayePeriyarKerala
AyodhyaSarayuUP
BadrinathGangotriUttarakhand
BhagalpurGangesBihar
BuxarGangesBihar
CalcuttaHugliWest Bengal
CuttackMahanadiOrissa
DelhiYamunaDelhi
DibrugarhBrahmaputraAssam
GuwahatiBrahmaputraAssam
HaridwarGangesUttarakhand
HowrahHugliWest Bengal
HyderabadMusiAndhra Pradesh
JamshedpurSubarnarekhaJharkhand
KanpurGangesUP
LehSinghJ & K
LucknowGomatiUP
LudhianaSatlujPunjab
MathuraYamunaUP
MoradabadRam GangaUP
MonghyrGangesBihar
NashikGodavariMaharashtra
PatnaGanga/SoneBihar
SrinagarJhelumJ & K
SuratTaptiGujarat
TiruchirappalliCauveryTamil Nadu
UjjainShipraMadhya Pradesh
VijayawadaKrishnaAndhra Pradesh
VaranasiGangaUP



                                                           SOME QUICK FACTS                                                             
All the major cities of India are located by the banks of river.
Seven major rivers (Indus, Brahmaputra, Narmada, Tapi, Godavari, Krishna and Mahanadi )along with their numerous tributaries make up the river system of India.

All major rivers of India originate from one of the three main watersheds.

  • The Himalaya and the Karakoram ranges                                      
  • Vindhya and Satpura ranges and Chota nagpur plateau in central India
  • Sahyadri or Western Ghats in western India

RIVERS on the basis of origin : Himalayan Rivers and Peninsular Rivers.
Himalayan Rivers-
  • The main Himalayan river systems are the Ganga ,the Indus and the Brahmaputra river systems.


 Peninsular Rivers
  • The main peninsular river systems include the Narmada, the Tapi, the Godavari, the Krishna, the Kaveri and the Mahanadi river systems
The Indus River System
  • The Indus originates in the northern slopes of the Kailash range in Tibet near Lake Manasarovar. 
  • It follows a north-westerly course through Tibet. It enters Indian territory in Jammu and Kashmir.
  • The main tributaries of the Indus in India are Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej.
The Brahmaputra River System
  • The Brahmaputra originates in the Mansarovar lake, also the source of the Indus and the Satluj.
  • In India, it flows through Arunachal Pradesh and Assam, and is joined by several tributaries.
  • In Tibet, the river is known as the Tsangpo.


The Narmada River System
  • The Narmada or Nerbudda is a river in central India.
  •  It rises on the summit of Amarkantak Hill in Madhya Pradesh state.



The Tapi River System

  • The Tapi is a river of central India.
  • It rises in the eastern Satpura Range of southern Madhya Pradesh state.
The Godavari River System

  • The river with second longest course within India.
  •  Godavari is often referred to as the Vriddh (Old) Ganga or the Dakshin (South) Ganga.
The Krishna River System
  • It originates at Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra.
  • The Krishna River flows through the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.

The Kaveri River System
  • The Kaveri (also spelled Cauvery or Kavery) is one of the great rivers of India and is considered sacred by the Hindus.
  • This river is also called Dakshin Ganga.

The Mahanadi River System
  • The Mahanadi rises in the Satpura Range of central India, and flows east to the Bay of Bengal.
  • Near the city of Sambalpur, a large dam - the Hirakud Dam - is built on the river.



EAST FLOWING RIVERS  & WEST FLOWING RIVERS

EAST FLOWING RIVERS-Flowing into the Bay of Bengal

    • Brahmaputra, Ganges (with its main tributaries Ramganga, Kali or Sharda, Gomti, Yamuna, Chambal, Betwa, Ken, Sindh, Tons, Ghaghara, Gandaki, Burhi Gandak, Koshi, Mahananda, Tamsa, Son, Punpun), Meghna, Subarnarekha,Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Kaveri (and their main tributaries)
    • The all flow in to Bay of Bengal at various places along the Eastern coast of India.


    WEST FLOWING RIVERS-Flowing into the Arabian Sea 
    • Indus, Narmada, Tapti (and their main tributaries)
    • These originate in Central India and flow in a Western direction to meet Arabian Sea south of Gujarat
    Rivers of Rajasthan and Gujarat


    Mahi, Sabarmati, Luni etc. These are rivers of arid regions, they carry relatively little flow, some of them flow to Arabian Sea through Gujarat while some are land-locked and their flow is lost through percolation and evaporation in the vast arid regions.
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