women, caste and reforms
WOMEN-REFORMS AND REFORMERS
NCERT CLASS 8 History notes
This topic is about women in India or more precisely status of women in India in nineteenth (19th) century. Today women’s in India have equal rights. This has become possible because of various educational reforms in India, social and religious reforms India. This improves the status of women India now men and women are equal.
Most reformers when wished to challenge a practice that is harmful,they give reference to ancient sacred texts that supported their point of view.
For widow remarriage
He encouraged education for women, and started a school in Dowlaiswaram in 1874. He started a social organisation called Hitakarini Samajam (Benefactor).Swami Dayanand saraswati
In North-founded Arya Samaj and also supported widow remarriage.
Begum Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain
By 1800-Women began to enter universities
By the end of 19th century women themselves working for reform,wrote books,edited magazines,founded school and training centre.
Formed Political pressure groups to raise their demands like female suffrage ,better health and education
From the 1920 –women joined various kind of nationalist and socialist movement
In 1929 Child marriage act was passed according to the act no men below the age of 18 and women below the age of 16 could marry.
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REFORMS AND ACTS DURING BRITISH RULE