AGROFORESTRY:A Potential Tool For Rural Development In India And Food Security In India
(Author-Assistant professor,department of Botany)
Important dates and institutions
John Benen,a Canadian forester,in 1970s coined the term
The systematic research in agroforestry geared up after the
establishment of the International Council For Research in Agroforestry(ICARF)
in 1977,which was renamed in 1991 as the International Center for Research in
In India,Organized research in agroforestry was initiated in
1983 by the establishment of All India coordinated Research Project on
Agroforestry by ICAR at 20 centres for
Agroforestry at Jhansi in 1988.
Types of Agroforestry systems
The production of woody plants combined with pastures is referred to silvipasture system.
The trees and shrubs may be used primarily to produce fodder for farm
animals or they may grown for timber,fuelwood,and fruit or to improve the physical properties and health of soil.
The trees suitable for Silvipastoral system should have the following properties-
This system is grouped into two
categories Home gardens and woody hedgerows.
Home gardens represent
land use system involving deliberate management of multipurpose trees and shrubs in close association with annual and perennial agricultural crops and livestock within the compounds of individual houses.
The whole tree-crop-animal units are being intensively managed by family labour.
In this system various woody hedges especially fast growing fodder shrubs and
trees are planted for the purpose of browse, mulch, green manure and soil
Apiculture with trees-In this system various nectar producing frequently visited by honeybees are planted on the boundary of the agricultural fields.
Aquaforestry -In this system trees and shrubs preferred by fish ponds, Trees leaves are used as feed for fish. The main role of this system is fish production and bund stabilization around fish ponds
Benefits of Agroforestry
Agroforestry system can be advantageous over conventional
agricultural and traditional forestry practices.
They can offer increased productivity,economic benefits and ecological balance.Biodiversity in agroforestry systems is typically higher than conventional agriculture systems.With two or more interacting plant species in a given land area ,it creates a more complex habitat that can support a wider variety of soil
microbes,birds,insects and other animals.
The overall benefits from agroforestry can be discussed under the following heads.
Benefits to environment and soil health
Benefits to crops and agriculture
Benefits to society, farmers and rural economy
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Home Articles AGROFORESTRY:A Potential Tool For Rural Development In India And Food Security In India
Posted by Akash Pandey | Wednesday, 16 July 2014 | 3:33:00 pm