UPSC CIVIL SERVICES RESULT 2015-2016

PEASANT MOVEMENTS IN INDIA-TIMELINE

 

        
peasants movements in india
                                                                                

MOVEMENT
REGION
YEAR
LEADER
OBJECTIVE
Titu Mir’s Movement
West Bengal
1782-1831
 Mir Nathar Ali or Titu Mir
Against Hindu landlords who imposed beared tax on the Farazis
Pagal Panthis Movement
Hajong & Garo Tribes Mymensingh district,Bengal
1825-1835
Karam Shah and Tipu Shah
Against hike in rents;the movement was violently suppressed
Moplah Uprising 
Malabar 
1836-1854
             -
Against rise in revenue demand and reduction of field size
Indigo Revolt
Nadia District
1859-1869
Dagambar and Bishnu Biswas
Against terms imposed by European indigo planters;Indigo commission(1860) set up to view the situation
Deccan Peasants Uprising
Kardeh Village and Poona in Maharashtra 
1875

Against corrupt monylenders(Gujarati and Marwari);Agriculturist Relief Act(1879)passed.
Phadke’s Ramosi Uprising
Ramosi,Maharashtra
1877-1887
Wesudeo Balwant Phadke
Against the British failure to take up anti-famine measures.
Pabna Agrarian Uprising
Pabna District,east Bengal (Now in Bangladesh)
1873
Shah Chandra Roy,Shambhu Pal Khoodi Mollah and supported by B.C Chatterjee and R.C Dutt
Against POLICIES OF Zamindars to prevent occupants from acquiring occupancy rights,Bengal tenancy Act (1885)passed
Punjab’s Peasant’s Revolt
Punjab
Last decade of 19th  century
             -
Against prospect of losing their land ; the Punjab Land Alienation Act (1900 passed,imposed regulations on sale and mortage of land and revenue demands)
Poona Sarvajanik Sabha
District of Thana,Colaba and Ratnagiri
1870
M.G Ranade
To popularize the peasants legal rights 
Champaran Satyagraha 
Champaran,Bihar
1917
Peasants
Against the tinkathia system imposed by the European INDIGO Planters;the Champaran Agrarian Act abolished the tinkathaia system
Kheda Satyagraha
Kheda ,Gujarat
1918
Peasants led by Gandhi
Against ignored appeals for remission of land revenue in case of crop failures;the demands were finally fulfilled.
U.P kisan Sabha  
United Province
1918
Indra Narain Dwivedi and Madan Mohan Malviya
                 -
Awadh Peasant Movement 
Barielly-Pratapgarh region
1918
            -                     -
Oudh Kisan Sabha
Oudh 
1920
Nehru and Baba Ram Chandra

Andhra Ryots Association 
Andhra 
1928
N.G Ranga
Accepted Abolition of Zamindari
All India Kissan Sabha
Apex Organization of Peasants
1936
Swami Sahajananda
Protection of peasants from Economic Exploitation
Bardoli Satyagraha
Surat,Gujarat
1928
Kunbi-Patidar Peasants and untouchables supported by
 Mehta brothers,
Vallabhabhai Patel
Against oppression by upper caste and hike in revenue by 22 percent by the Bombay government;the revenue was brought down to 6.03 %
Eka Movement
Hardoi,Barabanki and Sitapur Districts
1921-1922
Members of Pasi and Ahir castes
Against hike in rents
Tebhaga Movement
Bengal
1946
By poor peasants and tenants and Bargardars or share-croppers
Against Zamindars 
and monylenders;
Bargardari Bill was passed
Telangana insurrection
Hyderabad
1946-1951

Against Practices of monylenders and officials of the Nizam of Hyderabad
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