Moderates and Extremists
Differences In The Aims and Methods of Moderates and Extremists
Moderates important points
1.Moderates aimed at administrative and constitutional reforms.
2.Moderates wanted more Indians in the administration and not to an end of British rule.
3.Most of the moderate leaders were loyal to British. Many of them held high ranks under the British government.
4.Moderates believed in constitutional means and worked within the framework of the law .Their methods including passing resolutions, persuasion, sending petitions and appeals.
5.Moderates believed in cooperation and reconciliation.
6.Moderates received their support from the intelligentsia and urban middle class. Moderates had a narrow social base.
7.Moderate leaders had faith in the British sense of justice and fair play.
8.Most of the moderate leaders were inspired by the ideas of western philosophers like Mill,Burke,Spencer and Bentham. Moderates imbibed western ideas of liberalism,democracy,equity and freedom.
9. Moderates Believed political connections with Britain to be in India’s social, political and cultural interests.
10.Examples of moderate leaders-Dadabhai Naoroji ,Gopal Krishna Gokhale etc
Extremists important points
2.Extremists wanted to end the British rule .
3.Extremist denounced British rule and defied it.Many of them(Extremists) Were arrested because of anti-British activities.
4.Extremist were radical in their approach . Demands of extremists were aggressive.
5.Extremists believed in militant methods including swadeshi and boycott.According to Tilak, freedom to be fought for.
6.Extremists believed in atmashakti or self reliance as a weapon against domination.
7.Extremist drew their supporters included peoples from all sections including the lower middle class,workers and farmers .Extremists thus had wider social base .
8.Extremist rejected British rule and held it responsible for the backwardness and poverty of the Indian people .
9.Extremists drew their inspiration from India’s past.Extremists revived the Ganapati and Shivaji festivals to arouse the masses.Extremists wanted to inculate pride in India’s glorious culture to generate the spirit of nationalism. Extremists invoked goddesses Kali or Durga for strength to fight for the motherland.
10.Examples of extremist leaders-
Bala GangadharaTilak, Bipin Chandra Pal and Lala Lajpat Rai, Aurobindo Ghosh