Paper 2 which is actually called the CSAT paper requires the right kind of Aptitude which the student is expected to have for his future career as a top  notch (non elected) permanent executive in the government machinery.

It deal with the any and every thing which concerns way of working bureaucrat.


CSAT requires the most practical approach towards understanding the situational demands and pro-acting in the most optimal manner. In this post I am going to discuss types of question which requires logical reasoning .With this we will list so books which is useful for CSAT  prelims exam IAS .we will discuss about reading comprehension and some other questions in our  later post till than enjoy reading this .


This is the most important section of non-verbal Reasoning. In these questions a series of figures is given as problem figures and the candidates are asked to select one of the figure from the set of answer figures which will continue the given sequence.



  Analogy literally means “similarity” i.e  , having similar features or characteristics. This section of non verbal reasoning has been designed to test the ability of a candidate to understand the relationship between two figures, which follow a certain rule, and apply the same rule to select the figure which establishes the same relationship with figures asked in the questions.



Questions on classification are designed to test the candidates ability to classify or segregate a group of objects, from the given objects, on the basis of their common properties i.e, it is a process of making out a homogeneous group from a heterogeneous larger group.



 Items of non verbal reasoning of these types involve counting of geometrical figures in a given figure , which is a mixture of two or more types of complex figures. These are designed to test the analytical disposition of the candidates.


In these types of questions, a segment in a figure, generally a quarter, is left blank. This incomplete figure is followed by a few choices showing the missing segments which, if fitted in the complete figure, complete the figures. Candidates are expected to be vigilant and be extra careful while selecting the correct options as some times, the alternatives have very minute differences among them.


In this chapter, a figure is given as an original figure followed by four answer figures, is embedded or hidden in the original figure. Candidates are required to select the alternatives that carries the correct figure which clearly shows the embedded portion in the original figures.


Questions on cube form an integral part of non-verbal reasoning. It is necessary to know basic features of a cubical figure to solve a problem on cube. In the following steps we have listed our basic features of a cube and all probable situations on which questions on it can be asked in any examination.


Dice is a three dimensional figure with all of its surfaces numbered. Like cube, questions on dice are invariably asked in the competitive exams.


This topic deals with the questions related with paper cutting. In the questions based on paper cutting, few figures are given showing the manner in which a piece of paper is folded and then cut from a particular section. A cut may be of varying designs. The design on the paper, after the cut, which appears when the paper is unfolded is shown by four of five answer figures. One of the answer figures correctly represents the design that paper have after it is unfolded. This option is the correct answer.


This topic deals with the problems related with the formation of triangles and squares by joining three figure out of a group of figures of different designs.


Reflection of an object into the mirror is called its mirror image. It is obtained by inverting an object laterally i.e , toward the sides.


The reflection of an object into the water is called the water-image of that object.It is obtained by inverting an object vertically.


In this topic of non-verbal reasoning, a figure is obtained by folding the piece of paper containing some design along the dotted line. The resultant figure is to be selected out of a set of four figures given as alternatives (a),(b),(c),(d).


Question on dot situation relate to a process in which we have to find a common characteristics between a dot placed in between some figures and enclosed area by the same figures.
In these questions, one or more dot(s) is/are placed somewhere in the area common to figures such as circle, square, triangle, and rectangle etc.

The placement of dot shows a common relationship among these figures. We have to understand this common relationship and search for the same in the answer figures.

If you have any doubt regarding the Books or question in CSAT  please contact us in our contact form or directly post your comment in comment box.

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