UPSC CIVIL SERVICES RESULT 2015-2016

UPSC IAS Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2014 Question Paper: General Studies Paper I


UPSC IAS Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2014 Question Paper: General Studies Paper I

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CIVIL SERVICES EXAM gives candidates entry to Indian Administrative Services (IAS). The notification for this recruitment is released every year on the official website of UPSC which is upsc.gov.in. The Civil Services Preliminary Exam is generally conducted in the month of August.
UPSC IAS Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2014 Question Paper: General Studies Paper I
The civil services exam is conducted at two levels: preliminary and main exam, the students who qualify in the preliminary exam can opt for the main exam and then go for the personality test or interview. The preliminary examination is an objective type exam, conducted as a screening test for the mains exam. Candidates who are preparing for the Civil Services Preliminary Exam in the forthcoming year can find what kind of questions were asked in the General Studies Paper of Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2014.
IAS PRELIMS QUESTION PAPER 2014
1. What are the significances of a practical approach to sugarcane production known as ‘Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative’?
  1. Seed cost is very low in this compared to the conventional method of cultivation.
  2. Drip irrigation can be practiced very effectively in this.
  3. There is no application of chemical/inorganic fertilizers at all in this.
  4. The scope for intercropping is more in this compared to the conventional method of cultivation.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a)  1 and 3 only
(b) 1, 2 and 4 only
(c) 2, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
2. If a wetland of international importance is brought under the ‘Montreux Record’, what does it imply?
(a) Changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring or are likely to occur in the wetland as a result of human intereference
(b) The country in which the wetland is located should enact a law to prohibit any human activity within five kilometers from the edge of the wetland
(c) The survival of the wetland depends on the cultural practices and traditions of certain communities living in its vicinity and therefore the cultural diversity therein should not be destroyed
(d) It is given the status of ‘World Heritage Site’
3. Which one of the following pairs of islands is separated from each other by the ‘Ten Degree Channel’?
(a) Andaman and Nicobar
(b) Nicobar and Sumatra
(c) Maldives and Lakshadweep
(d) Sumatra and Java
4. Consider the following pairs:
Programme/ProjectMinistry
1Drought-Prone Area ProgrammeMinistry of Agriculture
2Desert Development ProgrammeMinistry of Environment and Forests
3National Watershed Development Project for Rainfed AreasMinistry of Rural Development
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) None
5. With reference to Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS), consider the following statements:
  1. It is an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Environment and Forests.
  2. It strives to conserve nature through action-based research, education and public awareness.
  3. It organizes and conducts nature trails and camps for the general public.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
6. With reference to ‘Global Environment Facility’, which of the following statements is/are correct?
(a) It serves as financial mechanism for ‘Convention on Biological Diversity’ and ‘United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change’
(b) It undertakes scientific research on environmental issues at global level
(c) It is an agency under OECD to facilitate the transfer of technology and funds to underdeveloped countries with specific aim to protect their environment
(d) Both (a) and (b)
7. With reference to technologies for solar power production, consider the following statements:
  1. ‘Photovoltaics’ is a technology that generates electricity by direct conversion of light into electricity, while ‘Solar Thermal’ is a technology that utilizes the Sun’s rays to generate heat which is further used in electricity generation process.
  2. Photovoltaics generates Alternating Current (AC), while Solar Thermal technology, but not for Photovoltaics.
  3. India has manufacturing base for Solar Thermal technology, but not for Photovoltaics.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) None
8. Consider the following languages:
  1. Gujarati
  2. Kannada
  3. Telugu
Which of the above has/have been declared as ‘Classical Language/Language’s’ by the Government?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
9. Consider the following pairs:
1Dampa Tiger Reserve:Mizoram
2Gumti Wildlife Sanctuary:Sikkim
3Saramati Peak:Nagaland
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
10. With reference to a conservation organization called ‘Wetlands International’, which of the following statements is/are correct?
  1. It is an intergovernmental organization formed by the countries which are signatories to Ramsar Convention.
  2. It works at the field level to develop and mobilize knowledge, and use the practical experience to advocate for better policies.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
11. With reference to a grouping of countries known as BRICS, consider the following statements:
  1. The First Summit of BRICS was held in Rio de Janeiro in 2009.
  2. South Africa was the last join the BRICS grouping.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
12. Consider the following diseases:
  1. Diptheria
  2. Chickenpox
  3. Smallpox
Which of the above diseases has/have been eradicated in India?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) None
13. Which of the following phenomena might have influenced the evolution of organisms?
  1. Continental drift
  2. Glacial cycles
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
14. Other that poaching, what are the possible reasons for the decline in the population of Gangs River Dolphins?
  1. Construction of dams and barrages on rivers
  2. Increase in the population of crocodiles in rivers
  3. Getting trapped in fishing nets accidentally
  4. Use of synthetic fertilizers and other agricultural chemicals in crop-fields in the vicinity of rivers
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
15. The Radcliffe Committee was appointed to
(a) solve the problem of minorities in India
(b) give effect to the Independence bill
(c) delimit the boundaries between India and Pakistan
(d) esquire into the riots in East Bengal
16. Brominated flame retardants are used in many household products like mattresses and upholstery. Why is there some concern about their use?
  1. They are highly resistant to degradation in the environment.
  2. They are able to accumulate in humans and animals.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
17. Consider the following:
  1. Bats
  2. Bears
  3. Rodents
The phenomenon of hibernation can be observed in which of the above kinds of animals?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) Hibernation cannot be observed in any of the above
18. Which one of the following is the largest Committee of the Parliament?
(a) The Committee on Public Accounts
(b) The Committee of Estimates
(c) The Committee on Public Undertakings
(d) The Committee on Petitions
19. Which of the following  adds/add carbon dioxide to the carbon cycle on the planet Earth?
  1. Volcanic action
  2. Respiration
  3. Photosynthesis
  4. Decay of organic matter
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b)  2 only
(c) 1, 2 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
 20. If you walk through countryside, you are likely to see some birds stalking alongside the cattle to seize the insects disturbed by their movement through grasses. Which of the following is/are such bird/birds?
  1. Painted Stork
  2. Common Myna
  3. Blacked-necked Crane
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 3 only
 21. In medieval India, the designations ‘Mahattara’ and ‘Pattakila’ were used for
(a) military officers
(b) village headmen
(c) specialists in Vedic rituals
(d) chiefs to craft guilds
 22. Lichens, which are capable of initiating ecological succession even on a bare rock, are actually a symbiotic association of
(a) algae and bacteria
(b) algae and fungi
(c) bacteria and fungi
(d) fungi and mosses
 23. If you travel through the Himalayas, you are likely to see which of the following plants naturally growing there?
  1. Oak
  2. Rhododendron
  3. Sandalwood
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
 24. Which of the following are some important pollutants released by steel industry in India?
  1. Oxides of sulphur
  2. Oxides of nitrogen
  3. Carbon monoxide
  4. Carbon dioxide
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1, 3 and 4 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
 25. Which of the following Kingdoms were associated with the life of the Buddha?
  1. Avanti
  2. Gandhara
  3. Kosala
  4. Magadha
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2 and 4
(c) 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 3 and 4
 26. Every year, a monthlong ecologically important campaign/festival is held during which certain communities/tribes plant saplings of fruit-bearing trees. Which of the following are such communities/tribes?
(a) Bhutia and Lepcha
(b) Gond and Korku
(c) Irula and Toda
(d) Sahariya and Agariya
 27. The sales tax you pay while purchasing a toothpaste is a
(a) tax imposed by the Central Government
(b) tax imposed by the Central Government but collected by the State Government
(c) tax imposed by the State Government but collected by the Central Government
(d) tax imposed and collected by the State Government
 28. What does venture capital mean?
(a) A short-term capital provided to industries
(b) A long-term start-up capital provide to new entrepreneurs
(c) Funds provided to industries at times of incurring losses
(d) Funds provided for replacement and renovation of industries
 29. The main objective of the 12th Five-year Plan is
(a) inclusive growth and poverty  reduction
(b) inclusive and sustainable growth
(c) sustainable and inclusive growth to reduce unemployement
(d) faster, sustainable and more inclusive growth
 30. With reference to Balance of Payments, which of the following constitutes/constitute the Current Account?
  1. Balance of trade
  2. Foreign assets
  3. Balance of invisibles
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
 (a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 4
 31. The terms ‘Marginal Standing Facility Rate’ and ‘Net Demand and Time Liabilities’, sometimes appearing in news, are used in relation to
(a) banking operations
(b) communication networking
(c) military strategies
(d) supply and demand of agriculture products
 32. What is/are the facility/facilities the beneficiaries can get from the services of Business Correspondent (Bank Saathi) in branchless areas?
  1.  It enables the beneficiaries to draw their subsidies and social security benefits in their villages.
  2. It enables the beneficiaries in the rural areas to make deposit and withdrawals.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
33. In the context of Indian economy, which of the following is/are the purpose/purposes of ‘Statutory Reserve Requirements’?
  1. To enable the Central Bank to control the amount of advances the banks can create
  2. To make the people’s deposit with banks safe and liquid
  3. To prevent the commercial banks from making excessive profits
  4. To force the banks to have sufficient vault cash to meet their day-to-day requirements
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
34. Recently, a series of uprising of people referred to as ‘Arab Spring’ originally started from
(a) Egypt
(b) Lebanon
(c) Syria
(d) Tunisia
35. Consider the following countries:
  1. Denmark
  2. Japan
  3. Russian Federation
  4. United Kingdom
  5. United States of America
Which of the above are the members of the ‘Arctic Council’?
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1, 4 and 5
(d) 1, 3 and 5
36. Consider the following pairs:
Region often in news      Country
1ChechnyaRussian Federation
2DarfurMali
3Swat valleyIraq
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
37. With reference to Agni-IV Missile, which of the following statements is/are correct?
  1. It is a surface-to-surface missile.
  2. It is fuelled by liquid propellant only.
  3. It can deliver one-tonne nuclear warheads about 7500 km away.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
38. With reference to two non-conventional energy sources called ‘coalbed methane’ and ‘shale gas’, consider the following statements:
  1. Coalbed methane is the pure methane gas extracted from coal seams, while shale gas is a mixture of a propane and butane only that can be extracted from fine-grained sedimentary rocks.
  2. In India, abundant coalbed methane sources exist, but so far no shale gas sources have been found.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
39. With reference to ‘Changpa’ community of India, consider the following statements:
  1. They live mainly in the State of Uttarakhand.
  2. They rear the Pashmina goats that yield a fine wool.
  3. They are kept in the category of Scheduled Tribes.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
40. In India, cluster bean (Guar) is traditionally used as a vegetable or animal feed, but recently the cultivation of this has assumed significance. Which one of the following statements correct in this context?
(a) The oil extracted from seeds is used in the manufacture of biodegradable plastics
(b) The gum made from its seeds is used in the extraction of shale gas
(c) The leaf extract of this plant has the properties of antihistamines
(d) It is a source of high quality biodiesel
41. Which of the following have coral reefs?
  1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  2. Gulf of Kuchchh
  3. Gulf of mannar
  4. Sunderbans
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 2 and 4 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
42. In India, the problem of soil erosion is associated with which of the following?
  1. Terrace cultivation
  2. Deforestation
  3. Tropical climate
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
43. The seasonal reversal of winds is the typical characteristic of
(a) Equatorial climate
(b) Mediterranean climate
(c) Monsoon climate
(d) All of the above climates
44. With reference to the cultural history of India, the term ‘Panchayatan’ refers to
(a) an assembly of village holders
(b) a religious sect
(c) a style of temple construction
(d) an administrative functionary
45. Consider the following rivers:
  1. Barak
  2. Lohit
  3. Subansiri
Which of the above flows/flow through Arunachal Pradesh?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
 46. Consider the following pairs:
       Wetlands      Confluence of rivers
1Harike WetlandsConfluence of Beas and Satluj/Sutlej
2Keoladeo Ghana National ParkConfluence of Banas and Chambal
3Kolleru LakeConfluence of Musi and Krishna
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
47. Which one of the following pairs does not form part of the six systems of Indian Philosophy?
(a) Mimamsa and Vedanta
(b) Nyaya and Vaisheshika
(c) Lokayata and Kapalika
(d) Sankhya and Yoga
48. Consider the following pairs:
     Hills       Region
1Cardomom HillsCoromandel Coast
2Kaimur HillsKonkan Coast
3Mahadeo HillsCentral India
4Mikir HillsNorth-East India
Which of the above pairs are correctly matched?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 3 and 4
(d) 2 and 4
49. Which one of the following Schedules of the Constitution of India contains provisions regarding anti-defection?
(a) Second schedule
(b) Fifth schedule
(c) Eighth schedule
(d) Tenth schedule
50. The most important strategy for the conversation of biodiversity together with traditional human life is the establishment of
(a) biosphere reserves
(b) botanical gardens
(c) national parks
(d) wildlife sanctuaries
51. Turkey is located between
(a) Black Sea and Caspian Sea
(b) Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea
(c) Gulf of Suez and Mediterranean Sea
(d) Gulf of Aqaba and Dead Sea
52. What is the correct sequence of occurrence of the following cities in South-East Asia as one proceeds from South to North?
  1. Bangkok
  2. Hanoi
  3. Jakarta
  4. Singapore
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 4-2-1-3
(b) 3-2-4-1
(c) 3-4-1-2
(d) 4-3-2-1
53. The scientific view is that the increase in global temperature should not exceed 2ºC above pre-industrial level. If the global temperature increases beyond 3ºC above the pre-industrial level, what can be its possible impact/impacts on the world?
  1. Terrestrial biosphere tends toward a net carbon source.
  2. Widespread coral mortality will occur.
  3. All the global wetlands will permanently disappear.
  4. Cultivation of cereals will not be possible anywhere in the world.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2, 3 and 4
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
54. The national motto of India, ‘Satyameva Jayate’ inscribed below the Emblem of India is taken from
(a) Katha Upanishad
(b) Chandogya Upanishad
(c) Aitareya Upanishad
(d) Mundaka Upnishad
55. In the constitution of India, promotion of international peace and security is included in the
(a) Preamble to the Consitution
(b) Directive Principles of State Policy
(c) Fundamental Duties
(d) Ninth Schedule
 56. What are the benefits of implementing the ‘Integrated Watershed Development Programme’?
  1. Prevention of soil runoff
  2. Linking the country’s perennial rivers with seasonal rivers
  3. Rainwater harvesting and recharge of groundwater table
  4. Regeneration of natural vegetation
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
 57. Which of the following are associated with ‘Planning’ in India?
  1.  The Finance Commission
  2. The National Development Council
  3. The Union Ministry of Rural Development
  4. The Union Ministry of Urban Development
  5. The parliament
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1, 2 and 5 only
(b) 1, 3 and 4 only
(c) 2 and 5 only
(d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
 58. Which of the following is/are the function/functions of the Cabinet Secretariat?
  1. Preparation of agenda for Cabinet Meetings
  2. Secretarial assistance to Cabinet Committees
  3. Allocation of financial resources to the Ministries
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
 59. Consider the following statements:
A constitutional Government is one which
  1. places effective restriction on individual liberty in the interest of State Authority
  2. places effective restriction on the Authority of the State in the interest of individual liberty
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
 60. Which of the following are the discretionary powers given to the Governor of a State?
  1. Sending a report to the President of India for imposing the President’s rule
  2. Appointing the Ministers
  3. Reserving certain bill passed by the State Legislature for consideration of the President of Idnia
  4. Making the rules to conduct the business of State Government
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2, 3 and 4
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
 61. If the interest rate is decreased in an economy, it will
(a) decrease the consumption expenditure in the economy
(b) increase the tax collection of the Government
(c) increase the investment expenditure in the economy
(d) increase the total savings in the economy
62. Consider the following statements:
  1. The President shall make rules for the more convenient transaction of the business of the Government of India, and for the allocation among Ministers of the said business.
  2. All executive actions of the Government of India shall be expressed to be taken in the name of the Prime Minister.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
  63. Consider the following statements regarding a No-confidence Motion in India:
  1. There is a no mention of a No-confidence Motion in the Constitution of India.
  2. A Motion of No-Confidence can be introduced in the Lok Sabha only.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
 64. With reference to Neem tree, consider the following statements:
  1. Neem oil can be used as a pesticide to control the proliferation of some species of insects and mites.
  2. Neem seeds are used in the manufacture of biofuels and hospital detergents.
  3. Neem oil has applications in pharmaceutical industry.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
 65. Which one of the following is the process involved in photosynthesis?
(a) Potential energy is released to form free energy
(b) Free energy is converted into potential energy and stored
(c) Food is oxidized to release carbon dioxide and water
(d) Oxygen is taken, and carbon dioxide and water vapour are given out
 66. In addition to fingerprint scanning, which of the following can be used in the biometric identification of a person?
  1. Iris scanning
  2. Retinal scanning
  3. Voice recognition
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
 67. Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding vegetative propagation of plants?
  1. Vegetative propagation produces clonal population.
  2. Vegetative propagation helps in eliminating the virus.
  3. Vegetative propagation can be practiced most of the year.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
 68. Which of the following pairs is/are correctly matched?
   Spacecraft                      Purpose
1Cassini-HuygensOrbiting the Venus and transmitting data to the Earth
2MessengerMaping and investigating the Mercury
3Voyager 1 and 2Exploring the outer solar system
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
69. Consider the following pairs:
   Region  Well-known for the production of
1KinnaurAreca nut
2MewatMango
3CoromandelSoya bean
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) None
70. Which of the following is/are the example/examples of chemical change?
  1. Crystallization of Sodium chloride
  2. Melting of ice
  3. Souring of milk
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) None
72. The power of the Supreme Court of India to decide disputes between the Centre and the States falls under its
(a) advisory jurisdiction
(b) appellate jurisdiction
(c) original jurisdiction
(d) writ jurisdiction
73. Consider the following statements:
  1. Maize can be used for the production of starch.
  2. Oil extracted from maize can be a feedstock for biodiesel.
  3. Alcoholic beverages can be produced by using maize
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
74. Among the following organisms, which one does not belong to the class of other three?
(a) Crab
(b) Mite
(c) Scorpion
(d) Spider
75. The power to increase the number of judges in the Supreme Court of India is vested in
(a) the President of India
(b) the Paliament
(c) the Chief Justice of India
(d) the Law Commission
76. Consider the following towns of India:
  1. Bhadrachalam
  2. Chanderi
  3. Kancheepuram
  4. Karnal
Which of the above are famous for the production of traditional sarees/fabric?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 1, 3 and 4
77. Consider the following pairs:
National Highway    Cities connected
1NH 4Chennai and Hyderabad
2NH 6Mumbai and Kolkata
3NH 15Ahmedabad and Jodhpur
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) None
78. Consider the following international agreements:
  1. The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
  2. The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
  3. The World Heritage Convention
Which of the above has/have a bearing on the biodiversity?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
79. Consider the following statements regarding ‘Earth Hour’:
  1. It is an initiative of UNEP and UNESCO.
  2. It is a movement in which the participants switch off the lights for one hour on a certain day every year.
  3. It is a movement to raise the awareness about the climate change and need to save the planet.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
80. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of a food chain?
(a) Diatoms-Crustaceans-Herrings
(b) Crustaceans-Diatoms-Herrings
(c) Diatoms-Herrings-Crustaceans
(d) Crustaceans-Herrings-Diatoms
81. The partition of Bengal made by Lord Curzon in 1905 lasted until
(a) the First World War when Indian troops were needed  by the British and the partition was ended
(b) King George was abrogated Curzon’s Act at the Royal Durbar in Delhi in 1911
(c) Gandhiji launched his Civil Disobedience Movement
(d) the partition of India in 1947 when East Bengal became East Pakistan
82. The 1929 Session of Indian National Congress is of significance in the history of the Freedom Movement because the
(a) attainment of Self-Government was declared as the objective of the Congress
(b) attainment of Poorna Swaraj was adopted as the goal of the congress
(c) Non-cooperation movement was launched
(d) decision to participate in the Round Table Conference in London was taken
83. With reference to the famous Sattriya dance, consider the following statements:
  1. Sattriya is a combination of music, dance and drama.
  2. It is a centuries-old living tradition of Vaishnavites of Assam.
  3. It is based on classical Ragas and Talas of devotional songs composed by Tulsidas, Kabir and MIrabai.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
84. Chaitra 1 of the national calender based on the Saka Era corresponds to which one of the following dates of the Gregorian calender in a normal year of 365 days?
(a) 22nd March (or 21st March)
(b) 15th May (or 16th May)
(c) 31st March (or 30th March)
(d) 21st April (or 20th April)
85. With reference to the Indian history of art and culture, consider the following pairs:
                Famous work of Sculpture         Site
1A grand image of Buddha’s Mahaparinirvana
With numerous celestial musicians above and
the sorrowful figures of his followers below
Ajanta
2A huge image of Varaha Avatar (boar incarnation)
of Vishnu, as he sescues Goddess Earth from
the deep and chaotic waters, sculpted on rock
Mount Abu
3“Arjuna’s Penance”/”Descent of Ganga”
sculpted on the surface of huge boulders
Mamallapuram
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
86. The Ghadr (Ghadar) was a
(a) revolutionary association of Indians with headquarters at San Franscisco(b) nationalist organization operating from singapore
(c) militant organization with headquarters at Berlin
(d) communist movement for India’s freedom with headquarters at Tashkent
 87. With reference to India’s culture and tradition, what is ‘Kalaripayattu’?
(a) It is an ancient Bhakti cult of Shaivism still prevalent in some parts of South India
(b) It is an ancient style bronze and brasswork still found in southern part of Coromandel area
(c) It is an ancient form of dance-drama and a living tradition in the northern part of Malabar
(d) It is an ancient martial art and a living tradition in some parts of South India
 88. Consider the following pairs:
  1. Garba : Gujarat
  2. Mohiniattam : Odisha
  3. Yakshagana : Karnataka
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
 89. With reference to Buddhist history, tradition and culture in India, consider the following pairs:
               Famous shrine   Location
1Tabu monastery and temple complexSpiti Valley
2Lhotsava Lhakhang temple, NakoZanskar Valley
3Alchi temple complexLadakh
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
 90. Consider the following statements:
  1. ‘Bijak’ is a composition of the teaching of Saint Dadu Dayal.
  2. The Philosophy of Pushti Marg was propounded by Madhavacharya.
Which of the statement given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 1 only
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
 91. A community of people called Manganiyars is well-known for their
(a) martial arts in North-East India(b) musical tradition in North-West India
(c) classical vocal music in South India
(d) pietra dura tradition in Central India
 92. What was/were the object/objects of Queen Victoria’s Proclamation (1858)?
  1.  To disclaim any intention to annex Indian States
  2. To place the Indian administration Under the British Crown
  3. To regulate East India Company’s trade with India
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
 93. Ibadat Khana at Fatehpur Sikri was
(a) the mosque for the use of Royal Family
(b) Akbar’s private prayer chamber
(c) the hall in which Akbar held discussions with scholars of various religions
(d) the room in which the nobles belonging to different religions gathered to discuss religious affairs
 94. In the context of food and nutritional security of India, enhancing the ‘Seed Replacement Rates’ of various crops helps in achieving the food production targets of the future. But what is/are the constraint/constraints in its wider/greater implementation?
  1. There is no National Seeds policy in Place.
  2. There is no participation of private sector seed companies in the supply of quality seeds of vegetables and planting materials of horticultural crops.
  3. There is a demand-supply gap regarding quality seeds in case of low value and high volume crops.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 3 only
(c) 2 and 3
(d) None
 95. With reference to ‘Eco-Sensitive Zones’, which of the following statements is/are correct?
  1. Eco-Sensitive Zones are the areas that are declared under the wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  2. The purpose of the declaration of Eco-Sensitive Zones is to prohibit all kinds of human activities in those zones except agriculture.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 1 only
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
 96. Consider the following statements:
  1. Animal Welfare Board of India is established under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
  2. National Tiger Conservation Authority is a statutory body.
  3. National Ganga River Basin Authority is chaired by the Prime Minister.
Which of the statement given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
97. Consider the following pairs:
VitaminDeficiency disease
1Vitamin CScurvy
2Vitamin DRickets
3Vitamin ENight blindness
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) None
98. There is some concern regarding the nanoparticles of some chemical elements that are used by the industry in the manufacture of various products. Why?
  1. They can accumulate in the environment, and contaminate water and soil.
  2. They can enter the food chains.
  3. They can trigger the production of free radicals.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
99. Which of the following organizations brings out the publication known as ‘World Economic Outlook’?
(a) The International Monetary Fund
(b) The United Nations Development Programme
(c) The World Economic Forum
(d) The World Bank
100. With reference to the Union Budget, which of the following is/are covered under Non-plan Expenditure?
  1. Defence expenditure
  2. Interest payments
  3. Salaries and Pensions
  4. Subsidies
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 2, 3 and 4
(d) None                                 


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