CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY OF INDIA -IMPORTANT FACTS FOR PRELIMS 2015Idea for a Constituent Assembly for drafting a constitution for India was first provided by Bal Gangadhar Tilak in 1895. In 1934, the demand for a constituent assembly was raised for the first time, which was later became an Official Demand in 1935. This demand was accepted in August 1940 offer by the British.

  • The constituent assembly was formed on the recommendation of the Cabinet Mission which visited India in 1946
  • The first meeting of Constituent Assembly was held on December 9, 1946— its temporary president was Dr  Sacchidanand Sinha
  • The second meeting was held on December 11, 1946. Its president was Dr Rajendra Prasad.
  • The Objectives Resolution was passed under chairmanship of J.L. Nehru.on 13 December, 1946.
  • The Draft of Indian Constitution was presented in October 1947. President of the Drafting Committee was Bhim Rao Ambedkar
  • The total time consumed to prepare the draft was 2 years, 11 months, 18 days.
  • The Constituent assembly was the First parliament of Independent India.
  • The Indian Constitution was enacted on November 26, 1946 and put into force on January 26, 1950.
  • On that day, the Constituent Assembly ceased to exist, transforming itself into the Provisional Parliament of India until a new Parliament was constituted in 1952
Functions performed by Constituent Assembly

Enacting of ordinary laws
Adopted national flag- 22-7-1947
Adopted national anthem- 24-01-1950
Adopted national song- 24-01-1950
Elected Dr. Rajendra Prasad first President of India-24-01-1950
 Facts about constituent assembly
Had 11 sessions over 2 years, 11 months and 18 days
Constitution makers visited 60 countries.
Total expenditure – Rs 64 lakh
Major Committees

Union Powers Committee – Jawaharlal Nehru
Union Constitution Committee – Jawaharlal Nehru
Provincial Constitution Committee – Sardar Patel
Drafting Committee – Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
Advisory Committee on Fundamental Rights and Minorities – Sardar Patel
This committee had Two sub-committes:

(a) Fundamental Rights Sub-Committee – J.B. Kripalani

(b) Minorities Sub-Committee – H.C. Mukherjee

  • Rules of Procedure Committee – Dr. Rajendra Prasad
  • States Committee (Committee for Negotiating with States) – Jawaharlal
  • NehruSteering Committee – Dr. Rajendra Prasad                                                                                                            

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