GEOGRAPHY NOTES FOR IAS
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|continents of the world|
REMEMBER KEY POINTS
Major domains -Lithosphere,
Atmosphere, Hydrosphere and Biosphere
Continents-large land masses separated by large water bodies.
There are Seven major continents
List of continent’s -from
Largest to smallest in size Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia
Asia-lies in Eastern Hemisphere,continent - both by area and by population.
Eurasia-The combined landmass of Europe and Asia
Africa- has Hottest desert sahara desert and longest rivers Nile.
North America-linked to South America by Isthmus of Panama,world's tallest mountain (Mount Kea).
South America-The world’s longest mountain range The Andes and largest river Amazon lies in South America.
completely covered in ice.
Europe-third most populous continent
after Asia and Africa
Australia-is called an Island continent
Hydrosphere-The combined mass of water in all it’s forms
Oceans-Four major oceans according to size from largest to smallest -Pacific ocean ,The Atlantic Ocean,The Indian
ocean ,The arctic ocean
Mariana Trench-Deepest part on the earth
Atmosphere-Thin layer of gas ,from earth's surface
Biosphere -Zone of Life
|MAJOR OCEANS OF THE EARTH|