IMPORTANT HARAPPAN SITES
We (our team) at civilservicesias.com decided that we should first cover topics from Ancient Indian History .So this is our second post from ancient History of India.
We have already published some important topics from Indian History.
We listed important Harappan sites in tabular form so that you can easily memorize them.
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Gateway city,fortified wall,workmen’s quarter,copper Chariot with canopy,R-37cementry vanity case,seven layers showing pre-Harappan to late late Harappan stage,two statues(red stone torso and a dancer).copper specimen of bullock cart.
“Mound of the dead”-well known for the Great Bath,Great Granary,Collegiate Building and Assembly Hall. A stealite male head with flowing hair,long beared;the bronze dancing girl and complex toys.
Mud-brick fortification,stone blade,cart wheel a grave in east-west direction,discovery of a plough field,no drainage system,wall bifurcating citadel.
Fazl Ahmed Khan(1955)
Defensive wall,wheel turned pottery. Blade Industry and houses of stone.
N.G Mazumdar Mackay(1931)
Brick or Stone fortification,curved bricks for bath tubs,water tanks,intersecting circles painted on jars,toys like decorated carts with humped oxen,fish compartmented seals of faience,bronze shafthole axe.
Evidence of antelope ditches,shopping complex,traces of drainage and platforms ,bronze tools and knives
Ware with and without slip,black and red ware and ochre-coloured ware spouted vessels and copper objects.
Pre Harappan and Harappan sites;remain of streets and drains;traces of barley.
Pottery;black ware,red ware,plant fossils,animal bone and copper tools.
Trade point between Harappa and Babylon;situated on natural rock;western most site.
A coastal site,dockyard built with brick discovery of dyeing-vats,large cemetery ,rice grain funnel,evidence of cotton,bead factory ,pottery with the painting of ‘clever fox’;Iranian Seal,Ivory etc.
Flourishing urban centres,elaborate fortification shipping complex,large stone-age jar with a short inscription,bead industry,antimony rod,fossils remains of horses.
S.R Rao (1953)
Surrounded by a fort,local Rangpur Pottery(red ware,lustrous red ware),plant remains(rice,millets and possibly bajara)and copper rod
Red Pottery, perforated jars and sprinklers
Runn of Kutch
Several cultural stages;three parts of city;unique water management,first evidence of stone architecture,largest Harappan inscription,use of fire-altars.